Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease. It develops when the immune system destroys the cells in the pancreas that produce insulin. The cells need insulin to absorb glucose from food. Without insulin, the blood sugar level rises to a dangerous level. To lower blood sugar levels, people with type 1 diabetes need to inject insulin for the rest of their lives. There is no cure to date for the metabolic disease.
In the articles listed below, you will find information on the basic principles of the disease and on the various treatment options. Read why type 1 diabetes increases the risk of complications and how to prevent them. In the section “Diabetes in everyday life” we advise on how to integrate the disease well into everyday life.